Glossary of Roofing StylesBy Robert McQueen | | ROOFING |
Did you know that we have a National Roofing Week? Its purpose is to increase awareness across the U.S. about the significance of roofs to every home and business. Organized by the National Roofing Contractors Association (NRCA), it runs from June 4 – 10 in 2017. The NRCA is a nonprofit association that represents all segments of the roofing industry.
The roof above our head is one of the most important components of any building structure. We tend to take it for granted until neglect allows it to fall into disrepair. This article aims to change our thinking about roofs as we endeavor to create a better awareness of this important aspect of our homes. A good starting place is to review a short glossary of roofing styles.
Do You Know What Type of Roof You Have?
We are going to look at the six most common roofing styles used in construction in the U. S.
1. Hipped Roof – A hipped roof has no vertical sides or gables but rather sides that slope down to meet the walls. Typically, the slope is gentle.
2. Skillion Roof – Has a single slope, like a shed or slant roof, and has no ridge in the roofline. This design allows for walls of varying heights within the structure.
3. Dormer Roof – Essentially, a roof within a roof, a dormer is a feature small roofed structure, allowing a window to project outward on a larger sloping roof.
4. Flat Roof – Flat roofs, or “low-slope” roofs, are common on commercial buildings. The slope of a flat roof – more correctly known as the pitch – is approximately 10°.
5. Turret or Hexagonal Roof – Continuing the review of our glossary of roofing styles, a turret is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building in the context of a medieval castle. Typically, it has crenellations (battlements) and a circular top.
6. Gable Roof – This is the classic, most commonly occurring roof shape deployed in cold or temperate climates. It comprises two roof sections sloping in opposite directions and placed such that the highest, horizontal edges meet and form the roof ridge.
Roof Repairs or New Roof?
A leaking roof needs thorough examination by an experienced roofing contractor. The inspection should itemize all the issues, and the remedial action required to put matters right. Few of us would know when it is time to replace the roof! First choice is ‘never’ if we keep this structure properly maintained.
You must know what you are looking for before you begin a roof inspection. Remember that getting on / in roof space can be risky, particularly if problems have already set in. Use a pair of binoculars to scan your roof from below, and identify obvious external issues.
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